Yu-Ling Chiu - Research Specialist
Dr. Yu-Ling Chiu received her master's in Social Work from the Tung-Hai University of Taiwan in 2001 and her master's in Applied Social Sciences from Case Western Reserve University in 2008. In 2014, she earned her Ph.D. in Social Work from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and her dissertation was titled The Developmental Trajectory of Delinquency Among Adolescent Females. She received considerable practical experience in research conducted through her involvement on several research projects (e.g. the MacArthur project) at the Children and Family Research Center at UIUC during her Ph.D. study. She also had four years of post-master's practice experience in Taiwan before coming to the United States. As a social worker, she worked with both victims and perpetrators of child maltreatment and domestic violence, as well as immigrant mothers. She currently works as a research specialist at the Children and Family Research Center.
Yu-Ling believes research is an important tool to inform policy and practice. She is deeply concerned with the well-being of children, youth, and families in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Her research focuses on the effectiveness of child welfare or juvenile justice related programs or services and workforce development.
As a research specialist, Yu-Ling currently works on multiple evaluation projects including Illinois DCFS Monitoring Reports of the B.H. Consent Decree, Illinois Child Endangerment Risk Assessment Protocol reports, Program Evaluation of Child Protection Training Academy for New DCFS Investigators, Illinois Children Healthcare Foundation’s Children’s Mental Health Initiative 2.0, and Program Evaluation of Mississippi’s Child Advocacy Studies Initiative. Her past project includes Oregon DHS Differential Response Initiative evaluation project. She also assists with the Illinois DCFS SACWIS and CYCIS data analysis and grant writing.
Mississippi's Experience Implementing a Statewide Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) Initiative
Ted Cross and Yu-Ling Chiu
In response to a national deficit in education about child maltreatment, colleges and universities throughout the United States provide Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) courses and CAST certificate or minor programs to educate undergraduate and graduate students in child maltreatment. This article reports results from an implementation evaluation of Mississippi’s CAST Initiative, the first effort to implement CAST courses and programs in colleges and universities throughout a state. Through interviews with administrators and faculty implementing CAST in Mississippi, we provide a brief history of the initiative, review the initial development of CAST courses and programs, discuss considerations related to the program’s implementation, and report faculty’s plans for the future of CAST. Our evaluation provides evidence that the implementation of Mississippi’s CAST initiative has had considerable success and has good prospects for enduring. Our findings also expand knowledge about the contextual issues involved in implementation, point to the value of strong partnerships between CAST colleges and universities and community organizations, and identify some considerations connected to expanding enrollment in CAST. Copies of the article are available from the first author at email@example.com.
Cross, T.P. & Chiu, Y. (2021). Mississippi’s experience implementing a statewide Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) initiative. Journal of Family Trauma, Child Custody & Child Development. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/26904586.2021.1951418
FY2021 Program Evaluation of the Child Protection Training Academy for New DCFS Investigators
Ted Cross, Yu-Ling Chiu, Shufen Wang, Laura Lee, Steve Tran, and Kirsten Havig
In FY2021, the Children and Family Research Center’s (CFRC) evaluation team again used multiple sub-studies to examine the implementation and outcomes of simulation training for new child protection investigators in the Illinois Department of Children and Family Service. This is an important time historically to study simulation training because of the effect of COVID-19 on trainees, their work and the training itself. Chapter 1 summarizes CTPA’s implementation in 2021: adapting to the COVID-19 pandemic through virtual methods, training supervisors in problem-based learning, and re-formatting investigator training. Chapter 2 presents results from the Daily Experience of Simulation Training (DEST) measure. The measure was designed to examine change in trainees’ confidence over the course of simulation training. This is an important time to assess DEST results, because of changes in simulation training during FY2021, as discussed in the Introduction. Chapter 3 offers updated results from a post-training satisfaction survey. The chapter reports trainees’ satisfaction ratings for simulation training over this time period. It also provides qualitative results from the analysis of open-ended items in the post-training satisfaction survey. Chapter 4 examines whether simulation training is related to employee turnover. Using two different analytic methods, it asks whether investigators trained using simulation training have stayed in their jobs longer than investigators who were not provided simulation training. Chapter 5 examines the relationship of simulation training to child safety. We compared sim-trained and non-sim-trained investigators on the likelihood that children in their investigations were involved in re-reports to DCFS. The last chapter provides the conclusion of this year’s evaluation and recommendations for improving the program.
Interim Report: Program Evaluation of Mississippi's CAST Initiative
Theodore Cross and Yu-Ling Chiu
This report presents interim results from the program evaluation of Mississippi’s Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) initiative, the first statewide effort to increase undergraduate and graduate students’ knowledge and skills for responding to child maltreatment. Colleges and universities throughout Mississippi provide CAST courses and certificate or minor programs to educate undergraduate and graduate students about child maltreatment and help prepare many for careers in child-serving professions, especially child protection. CFRC is conducting a mixed methods evaluation that includes both an implementation study based on interviews with faculty and an outcome study using surveys assessing CAST students’ experience, knowledge and judgment.
FY2020 Program Evaluation of the Child Protection Training Academy for New DCFS Investigators
Yu-Ling Chiu, Laura Lee, and Theodore P. Cross
The FY2020 evaluation report of the Child Protection Training Academy presents an array of data on implementation and impacts. Chapter 1 focuses on the implementation of a second simulation laboratory for new investigators that opened in Chicago in April 2019. The results suggest that the Chicago laboratory is a modest re-invention of the Springfield laboratory, using Rogers’ terminology on diffusion of innovations. The combined work of DCFS, UIUC and UIS aimed at producing programs that were comparable clearly had an effect, and the extra work and travel of UIS trainers to help make this happen are noteworthy. Chapter 2 presents results from the Daily Experience of Simulation Training (DEST) measure. As in previous years, the DEST in FY2020 shows that the confidence that trainees report increased substantially from the beginning to the end of the simulation training week. Chapter 3 offers new quantitative results from a post-training satisfaction survey. Results corroborate the satisfaction that trainees reported on the DEST. Across eight satisfaction items, trainees gave simulation training positive to very positive ratings. Chapter 4 presents a content analysis of responses on the post-training satisfaction survey in which trainees describe their simulation training experience and offer suggestions for program improvement. The survey respondents reported that the training provided realistic simulation and increased their knowledge about what they will face in the field. They described positive emotional effects on increasing confidence and decreasing self-doubt. Chapter 5 discusses the implications for understanding and developing the simulation training program and recommendations for program improvement.
How a Training Team Delivers Simulation Training of Child Protection Investigators
Yu-Ling Chiu and Theodore P. Cross
This article presents results of a qualitative study regarding how a training team delivers simulation training for child protection investigators. Since 2016, a team from the University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) has collaborated with the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) to implement the Child Protection Training Academy (CPTA) that provides full-scale simulations has been implemented for training all new child protection investigators. Using key informant interviews and focus groups, we explored how the training team, including the simulation trainer, the standardized patients playing the role of the family in a mock family house, and the professionals playing roles in a mock courtroom, collaborate to shape the simulation training. The qualitative data point to the central role of the trainer’s blend of skills, the dedication of the standardized patients staying in character, the interest of role-playing professionals in correcting misconceptions about court, and the teamwork involved in implementing simulation training.
Chiu, Y. & Cross, T. P. (2020). How a training team delivers simulation training of child protection investigators. Children and Youth Services Review, 118. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105390
Conditions of Children in or at Risk of Foster Care in Illinois: FY2020 Monitoring Report of the B.H. Consent Decree
Tamara Fuller, Martin Nieto, Kyle A. Adams III, Michael Braun, Yu-Ling Chiu, Laura Lee, Steve Tran, Satomi Wakita, Shufen Wang
Since its inception in 1996, the Children and Family Research Center (CFRC) has produced an annual report that monitors the performance of the Illinois child welfare system in achieving its stated goals of child safety, permanency, and well-being. The FY2020 monitoring report uses child welfare administrative data through December 31, 2019 to describe the conditions of children in or at risk of foster care in Illinois. Following an introductory chapter, the results are presented in four chapters that examine critical child welfare outcomes, including child safety, continuity and stability in care, legal permanence, and racial disproportionality.
Moving from Procedure to Practice: A Statewide Child Protection Simulation Training Model
Betsy Goulet , Ted Cross , Yu-Ling Chiu, and Susan Evans
In FY 2015 the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services partnered with the University of Illinois Springfield to develop the Child Protection Training Academy in order to redesign the six-week classroom training for new investigators and create an experiential component. This paper chronicles the goals of the partnership and the planning and implementation of the Academy.
Betsy P. Goulet , Theodore P. Cross , Yu-Ling Chiu & Susan Evans (2020): Moving from procedure to practice: a statewide child protection simulation training model. Journal of Public Child Welfare, DOI: 10.1080/15548732.2020.1777247
Conditions of Children in or at Risk of Foster Care in Illinois: FY2019 Monitoring Report of the B.H. Consent Decree
Tamara Fuller, Martin Nieto, Shufen Wang, Kyle A. Adams III, Satomi Wakita, Steve Tran, Yu-Ling Chiu, Michael Braun, Theodore P. Cross, Laura Lee, Aaron Burnett, Heidi Meyer
Since its inception in 1996, the Children and Family Research Center (CFRC) has produced an annual report that monitors the performance of the Illinois child welfare system in achieving its stated goals of child safety, permanency, and well-being. The FY2019 monitoring report uses child welfare administrative data through December 31, 2018 to describe the conditions of children in or at risk of foster care in Illinois. Following an introductory chapter, the results are presented in five chapters that examine critical child welfare outcomes, including child safety, continuity and stability in care, legal permanence, racial disproportionality, and child well-being.
FY2019 Program Evaluation of the Child Protection Training Academy for New DCFS Investigators
Yu-Ling Chiu and Theodore P. Cross
The FY2019 evaluation report of CPTA's simulation training included the following sections: 1) description of CPTA's updated training model; 2) daily experience of simulation training (DEST) that measured trainees’ daily changes in confidence on thirteen child protection work skills over the course of the simulation training week; 3) post-training satisfaction survey regarding trainees’ experience of the certificate training ; 4) simulation training and investigator turnover using DCFS employment data. The findings show that the positive results over three years of the program evaluation support the value of CPTA and suggest the potential of its current expansion. It is encouraging that investigators hired since February 2016 are staying on the job longer than investigators hired prior to that date. Data can be used both to advocate for the value of CPTA and to inform efforts at program improvement.
Illinois Child Endangerment Risk Assessment Protocol FY2019 Annual Evaluation
Tamara L. Fuller, Satomi Wakita, Yu-Ling Chiu, Martin Nieto, and Laura Lee
CERAP procedures specify when a safety assessment is supposed to be completed during investigations, prevention services cases, intact family service cases, and placement cases. Recent CERAP evaluations have focused on caseworker completion at each of the milestones for intact family cases, with the exception of milestone three, which specifies that the a safety assessment should be completed “whenever evidence or circumstances suggest that a child’s safety may be in jeopardy.” The FY2019 CERAP evaluation focused on CERAP safety assessments that were completed for this milestone three among intact family cases that were opened during 2014-2018. The main findings revealed that between 8-10% of the intact family cases opened each year had a CERAP completed for this milestone (MS3). When a MS3 CERAP was completed, about 36% did not have any safety threats identified, about 40-45% had one safety threat identified, and 16-17% had two safety threats identified. Additional analyses are included in the report.